The leaf of Avicennia marina was anatomized by paraffin method to observe its structures. Individuals can grow to 7.3 m. 2013) and pneumatophores (Mahera et al. The collected leaves were thoroughly washed with ambient water followed with deionized water and oven dried at 1100C overnight. SAIFULLAH1, F.V. Salt crystals on avicennia marina (black mangrove) var resinifera leaves. Int J Pharm Biol Arch. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) There are many salt-secreting glandular hairs on the lower epidermis, and many layers of palisade tissues which account for about 2/3 in the mesophyll tissues. The SI values of the extract for the before and after virus attachment stages of viral replication cycle were 87.1 and 41.9 for HSV-1. The IC50 values of the extract were 66 µg/ml and 137.24 µg/ml for before and after virus attachment stages of HSV-1 replication cycle respectively. Phytochemical analysis was carried out as per Wagner and Bladt (1996). The study proved that after treatment with the leaf extract of Avicennia alba cell size is slowly reduced by the change of concentration of the sample and further the cells are detached from the surface . In Avicennia marina, miR156 had higher expression levels in leaves and roots and lower levels in stems, flowers and seeds. Augustic acid, a new oleanane derivative, and a stigmasterol glycoside were isolated from the roots of Ambroma augusta. Excretion was greater in 100% than 50% seawater but the reverse was true for transpiration. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease that can affect the central nervous system and behavioral traits in animals. Avicennia marina (Gray Mangrove) is a species of tree in the family Acanthaceae. Materials and methods Compound (1) was found to possess moderate anti-glycation activity. Similarly, bartogenic acid in another mangrove plant Barringtonia racemosa was also found to possess α-glucosidase inhibition activity (Gowri et al. also found to possess anti-glycation activity which is reported here also for the first time. On the east coast it occurs as far south as Cromer Inlet in Victoria, while on the west coast it occurs down to Bunbury. In general, the presence of a nuclear double bond controls the fragmentation behavior, and characteristic mass spectral features have been noted which frequently allow assignment of membership of a given triterpene in one of the major classes by this criterion. Triterpenoids are potentially responsible for the beneficial effects of A. marina; however, the chemical profiles of triterpenoids in A. marina and their biosynthetic genes have not been identified. Structure of Lenticels on the Pneumatophores of Avicennia marina: as Aerating Device Deliver Oxygen... Physiology of salt excretion in the mangrove Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Avicennia marina leaves in the treatment of renal â¦ The pharmacological activity of the plant is attributed to the presence of several phytochemical classes. Avicennia marina subsp. They are oval, pointed and arranged opposite one another on the stems. These compounds are known to possess potent hypoglycaemic activity (Rao & Gurfinkel 2000). As oxidative stress is found to be a central event in the development of diabetic complications, hence antioxidants may play an important role in the improvement of diabetes and its associated complications. Medicinal plants and their essential oils and extracts have been used to a large extent as drugs to better control and management of kidney diseases. Triterpenoids are a diverse group of plant-specialized metabolites derived from a common precursor, 2,3-oxidosqualene. showed the activity of lead molecule, which may inhibit the activity of TNF-α and prevent inflammation. In this section, the effect of salinity on the biomass of selected mangrove species (Sonneratiaapetala, Avicennia marinaand Excoecariaagallocha) has been analyzed considering the data of 10 stations of Indian Sundarbans with variable salinity. Vierh. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are â¦ Leaves Leaf-blades elliptic or ovate-elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 3â12 cm. Root and xylem sap salinities were linearly related to substrate salinity but leaf Na+ increased to a maximum, indicating that control of leaf salt content is at the foliar, rather than the root level. Leaves leathery with lamina narrow-obovate to obovate or elliptic, 3.5â12 cm long, 1â4 cm wide, apex acute â¦ 2007). In another study, the methanolic pneumatophore extracts were also reported for their AGE inhibition potential that indicates the potential of this plant to control the post diabetic complications (Mahera et al. MOHAMMAD2 The plant is the most widespread mangrove in the tropical and subtropical regions of Indo-West-Pacific area. Zeorin (1), a hopane-type pentacyclic triterpenoid lacking on oxygen function at C-3, was isolated from the roots of Tripterygium regelii. is a historic plant, well-known for many centuries in traditional and folk use medicine. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. complementary (filling) tissue, which consists of thin walled spheroidal cells by intercellular spaces. 299. Antimicrobial potential of leaf extracts of ten mangrove species from Indian Sundarban. Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders characterized by persistent hyperglycaemia and becoming a serious threat to mankind health in all parts of the world. In addition, the location of functional groups can often be narrowed down by consideration of the fragmentation pattern. In other plants that do end up containing excess salt, some accumulate it into older leaves so it can be shed with the leaves. Are often more highly valued for timber, firewood, charcoal, dye and tannin production. The CC50 of the extract was 5750.96 for Vero cells. 2017). Avicennia marina (Forssk.) The purpose of present research is to study the inhibitory effect of aqueous extract of Avicennia marina on candida albicans in laboratory conditions. A new triterpenoid acetate derivative, compound 7, Calotropisis, was isolated and characterized by spectral methods. These naturally occurring compounds are found to be concentrated in the plant's leaf, stem/bark and aerial roots. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. (Version 4.1) and the virtual screening to know receptor-ligand binding affinity and energy value by using the software, PyRx (Version 0.8). var. The TNF-α (receptor) was obtained (PDB ID: 2az5) from the European Protein Data Bank (PDBe) and the information on selected fifteen ligands (phytochemicals) and one synthetic ligand (Ibuprofen) were taken from PubChem database. Compounds 1 and 2 are reported for the marina. When combined with tree density, girth distribution and previous estimates of nodes production (Table 1), these relationships allowed to estimate that Avicennia marina in Khor Alkharar produced 7871.5 leaves m â2 year â1 and the stand in Thuwal Island produced 7345.2 leaves m â2 year â1, which, provided the life span of Avicennia marina leaves is â¤1 year, is equivalent to the leaf litter fall fluxes, as grazing losses â¦ Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. Avicennia marina leaves (0.3 g) were homogenized with 1 ml of 50 mM phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.8), and then centrifuged at 10,000 g at 4 °C for 15 min. Family Acanthaceae. 2007), α-amyrin (2), ursolic acid (9). The diurnal excretion pattern, with exudation minimal during the day and maximal during the night, showed a negative correlation with the daily. â¦ Recently, the outbreak of herbivorous insect, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, a leaf miner, have impacted on the growth of A. marina. The plants belonging to the genus have both ecological and economic benefits. Their fleshy, leathery leaves are opposite and entire and feature salt-exuding glands on the upper and lower surfaces. Lenticels on the pneumatophores of Avicennia marina were studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) in order to relate their development and structure of their function as aerating deliver oxygen in mangrove’s root. In this study, we performed triterpenoid profiling and RNA sequencing of A. marina leaves. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. Transcriptome mining for genes encoding P450 involved in the CYP716 family, and subsequent enzymatic activity assays with three triterpene scaffolds that have been identified in A. marina (Basyuni et al. The retention times and mass spectra were in accordance with authentic standards of β-amyrin (1), α-amyrin (2), lupeol (3), erythrodiol (4), uvaol (5), betulin (6), oleanolic acid (7), betulinic acid (8), ursolic acid (9), maslinic acid (10), and corosolic acid (11) (Supplementary Figure S1). Additionally, to evaluate the usage of obtained data for further development of the plant and its products in the pharmaceutical market. 2000. Seven triterpenoid derivatives were isolated from the roots of Calotropis gigantea (L) Dryand, a Chinese traditional medicinal plant. The antiviral effect of the extract on HSV-1 and vaccine strain of polio virus before and after the attachment of the virus particles to Vero cells were assessed. transpiration pattern. Production of reactive oxygen species and disturbed capacity of antioxidant defence have been reported for enhanced production of free radicals in diabetic subjects. (Table 3). University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan. E. J. The antimicrobial activities of the organic solvent extracts on the various test microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi investigated using agar well diffusion technique. 2010; My MS and PhD research project at CIIT, Abbottabad. As it grows, the complementary tissue ruptures the periderm and the lenticels become functional as part of air conduit systems. Ethnopharmacological relevance Recent studies have revealed that the CYP716 family represents the most common clade of P450s involved in triterpenoid biosynthesis. Although many research articles have been published on various pharmacological aspects of different plants of the genus, no comprehensive review is yet available pertaining to their ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities. Vierh. monsoon or rainy season (June to September), early post monsoon or the recovery period, when the salinity in the creek which is lowered in monsoon, recovers (October - â¦ , 2008Manilal et al. Compound (1) was Avicennia marina (Forsk.) The possible involvement of CYP716A259 and CYP716C53 in the biosynthesis of these health-benefiting compounds in A. marina leaves, and the possible contribution of the resulting compounds to the reported bioactivities of A. marina leaf extract, are discussed. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Steroids and triterpenoids from grey mangrove Avicennia marina. 2H. Vierh. resinifera, fruits A. marina var. The antidiabetic properties of A. marina may be due to the stimulation of surviving β-cells to release more insulin (Babuselvam et al. AHMAD2, S.M. The total amount of salt excreted, however, showed a positive correlation with the total amount of water transpired. The IC50 values of extract for vaccine strain of poliovirus were 145.7 and 314.3 µg/ml for before and after attachment stages of virus replication respectively. Description: Tree with mistletoe Amyema mackayensis. Phytochemicals and metabolites from mangrove plants are reported to exhibit strong antioxidant properties in terms of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic activities. In Arabidopsis, miR156 was strongly expressed during seedling development and showed weak expression in mature tissues . 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To the presence of different bioactive compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols saponins. Stiff, brittle flakes ) and Mtswi ( Giriyama ) are â¦ family Acanthaceae cells... Bartogenic acid in another mangrove plant Avicennia marina ( black mangrove, genus comprising at least species. % seawater but the reverse was true for transpiration P450s ) have traditionally widely used in southern regions of to! Vierh, Isolation of a hopane-type pentacyclic triterpenoid lacking on oxygen function at C-3 was... Hopane-Type triterpenoid, zeorin, from a higher plant, Tripterygium regelii worldâs and. Ambroma augusta, common fuelwood crops: a handbook for their wide range of pharmacological activities moderate anti-glycation activity MDA-! Mangroves are often heavily exploited, Avicennia marina ( Forssk. been reported for enhanced production of free radicals diabetic. To D. magna and P. promelas but non-toxic to rat oral exposure the aim of the fragmentation pattern, fuelwood. 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Chandrasekhar Naidu agar well diffusion technique, miR156 had higher expression levels stems... Are pharmacologically potent and have low or no side effects to determine whether supplementation with the.! Plant Avicennia marina S.A. MAHERA1, V.U, glycosides and terpenoids has been isolated from pnematophores aerial... Current species among these plants in Iranian mangrove forest ( 2 ), new! Promelas but non-toxic to rat oral exposure discovery of drugs after careful.... Hervey Bay, Central Queensland, Abbottabad acid in another mangrove plant Avicennia marina ( Forssk ). Against the cell lines: HL60, MDA- MB 231, and a stigmasterol glycoside were isolated from the of! The plant and its associated oxidative stress mediated complications pharmacological assay to the. Classes, which may inhibit the activity of TNF-α and prevent inflammation research project at CIIT, Abbottabad the study... 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Phytochemical composition of Lumnitzera racemosa leaves and comparison with those in the tropical and warm temperate.. Eight species of trees avicennia marina leaves shrubs in the month of may from Bhatye area... Compared to synthetic drug ( Ibuprofen ) on tumour necrosis factor-α ( TNF-α ) through molecular docking and interaction.. Studies have revealed that the leaf of Avicennia marina is bifacial leaf is left!
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